Well informed and well organised groups of marginalised people are able to take on the individuals, institutions and policies that exclude or restrict them. Engagement might be through cooperative roundtable dialogue, or through resistance – many effective groups combine both strategies. The “roundtable” set of tools includes:
- Finding innovative entry points, through lobbying, the media, contacts
- Building alliances with sympathetic partners and possible champions
- Using the parliamentary system for single-issue campaigns
- Negotiating effectively with a well prepared position
Keywords: negotiation, bargaining, influence, communicate, dialogue, advocacy, market, resistance, direct action
List of Tools:
Avante Consulta! Effective consultations
Steps to empower communities in negotiation processes, based on experience in Mozambique.
Better business: market chain workshops
Workshops for direct and indirect participants in market chains to share knowledge and inform policy, based on experience in Vietnam.
Connecting communities to markets
Tactics to market independently certified community forest products, based on experience in Brazil.
Use of ethics-based international agreements and standards to hold government and business to account, based on experience in Ethiopia and Vietnam.
Media and lobby tactics
Tactics to get national policy to work for small-scale farmers, based on experience in Grenada.
Speaking for ourselves
Steps for communities to express their priorities and constraints in professional development language, based on experience with pastoralists in Ethiopia.
Targeting livelihoods evidence
Steps to link natural resources policy with poverty reduction strategies and to develop appropriate monitoring, based on experience with forestry in Uganda.
Framework to stimulate participatory assessment and target-setting in forest governance at national level, based on experience in Brazil.